Whether made of concrete, natural or brick: paving a garden path is not rocket science. Even laypeople manage to pave a garden path with our instructions.paved garden path
In order to get from A to B without treading on the beautiful lawn, every garden needs garden paths. How they should look is a matter of taste. You can e.g. Create paths in the garden from gravel / grit, paving stones or natural bark mulch. However, not only the appearance should play a role in the decision, but also the functionality of the material.
Bark mulch and gravel are e.g. only loosely on the way and only solidify over time. You also need to refill the bark mulch from time to time. And with gravel, you will have a lot of weed problems.
Paving stones, on the other hand, are particularly durable and have optimal slip resistance from the start. Even if paving a garden path initially involves higher costs, this variant offers the most advantages. In addition, paving stones can be painted if they have lost their color over time and can also be easily cleaned. Reading tip: Clean paving stones - step by step instructions.
Find the right paving stones
First of all, you have to choose the right paving stones. This is certainly not that easy, since there is a large selection of different materials and price ranges in the trade. However, the large selection also has something good, because at least there is something for every taste and garden style. We can recommend these stones:
➤ Concrete blocks:
Amongst the concrete blocks, you can now also find those that are deceptively similar to natural stones, but cost many times less. Concrete blocks often have a dirt-repellent surface and are very durable and weather-resistant.
➤ Clinker and bricks:
Clinker and bricks are made of clay. They are characterized by great hardness and frost resistance. In the meantime, there are no longer just the typical red specimens, but also purple, bluish-gray and ocher-yellow variations to buy in stores.
➤ Natural stones:
Natural stones made of basalt, granite or porphyry are very expensive, but they are also color-fast and extremely hard and durable. Again, you will find a large selection of shapes in different price ranges.
Instructions for laying paving stones
➥ Step 1 - preparation:
Once you have found the right paving stones, the preparations are already underway. After you have planned the course of the path, you have to take care of a proper substructure, otherwise you will not enjoy your new garden path for long.
The area to be paved must be excavated first. To do this, you should stake the edge of the path with wooden pegs and stretch a cord on both sides along the path. Allow enough space for this so that you can later lay a curb for additional fastening.
➥ Step 2 - excavate:
When excavating with a small excavator or spade, you should dig the soil so deep that the depth of the excavation is at least 20 centimeters below the finished height of the paving. Orientate yourself with the depth of the later base course and the size of the paving stones.
The exposed area must be absolutely level, otherwise the paving stones will not be at a height later, which could cause a trip hazard. In addition, rainwater could collect in depressions, which in turn can lead to a lowering of the base layer and thus of the stones. When unpacking, you must always carefully compensate for uneven areas.
If the surface is not stable enough, you can solidify it with a little coarse gravel or quicklime.
3 Step 3 - Place curbs:
Once the excavated surface is smoothed, you can place the curbs. It is best to make a concrete bed so that the curbs are optimally anchored.
4 Step 4 - Apply base layer:
If the curbs have been laid, the next step is to apply a base course. This is necessary so that rainwater that seeps through the joints can seep into the ground and the garden path is not flooded. You can use gravel or crushed stone for the base course. The decision for a certain material depends on the required load capacity of the route. If the garden path is very busy, you should choose gravel over gravel. Gravel, on the other hand, is sufficient for simple garden paths.
The base course should have a height of between 10 and 30 centimeters, depending on how deep you have made the excavation. After applying the material, you have to compact it with a vibrator so that the substructure is nice and stable.
If you later want to fill the joints with mortar, the base course is of no use, since no water can seep through. You must then install a slight slope when creating the garden path so that the rainwater can run off to the side. Alternatively, it is also possible to install drainage.
5 Step 5 - Lay paving stones:
Before the paving stones can be finally laid, you have to apply a layer of sand about three centimeters thick (leveling layer). This is the bed in which you put the paving stones. And that in turn can be done according to your personal ideas. It is only important that you place the stones on the sand layer and gently tap them in with a rubber hammer.
➥ Step 6 - grout paving stones:
How big you leave the distances between the individual paving stones is entirely up to you. In order for the stones to be stable, you have to fill up the joints. You can do this with sand or grout. Particularly resistant and permeable to water is e.g. Grout based on synthetic resin.